Ainhoa Rivilla-Treasure Hunt

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1. What marks the differences between a civil and a religious building?


A civil building is a building destinate for protect the empire or is
important for politics and is use by the state and a religous building is destinate for pray and to religous acts.



2. Make a list of the most important civil buildings and another of the most important religious buildings in the city that you can still see today.


Civil buildings:

Ribat.
Muralla Musulmana.
Muralla Cristiana.
Hospital de Santa Catalina De Los Donados.
Religous buildings:

Iglesia de San Nicolas de Los Servitas.
Monsasterio de San Martin.
Iglesia de San Miguel de los Octoes.



3. What function did the civil buildings have? What were they used for?


Muralla Musulmana:It has the function of protect the almudaina.It was used to protect the almudaina and the mosque,the alcazar and he emir's house.Muhammad I order to build to protect the almudaina o cuidadel.

Muralla Cristiana:It function was to defend the city after the Reconquest.Alfonso VI de Castilla ordered to build to defend the city after the Reconquest.

Barrio de la Moreria:It function was to protect the the almudaina o ciudadel.Mohammed I order to build it for protect the almudaina o cudadel.



4. What function did the religious buildings have? What were they used for?


Iglesia de San Nicolas de Los Servitas:It function was to be a parish for pray.It was used to pray,but then it was used as
storeage the weapons,as cuartel,warehouse and the acting hall of the Royal Band.We don't know who built it,probably was order by some muslims monarchs.

Iglesia de San Miguel de los Octoes:It function was to be a basicilica to pray.It was used pray and conffered God.We don't know who ordered to build and why.

Parroquia de San Ginés:It used to pray to San Ginés,and in the Civil War it is used as militar encampment.There isn't known about who order to build it.



5. Who ordered and paid for the construction of the civil buildings? Why?


Muralla Musulmana:Muhammd I order to build because they needed protect the almudaina o cuidadel.

Muralla Cristiana:.Alfonso VI de Castilla ordered to build because they needed to defend the city after the Reconquest.

Barrio de la Moreria:Mohammed I order to build it for protect the almudaina o cudadel.



6. Who ordered and paid for the construction of the religious buildings? Why?


Iglesia de San Nicolas de Los Servitas:We don't know who built it,probably was order by some muslims monarchs.

Iglesia de San Miguel de los Octoes:We don't know who ordered to build and why it was built.

Parroquia de San Ginés:There isn't known about who order to build it.



THE BIG CUESTION:

1. In what ways society organized in Madrid during the Middle Ages? 2. What did the people who built the buildings hope to show with their structures?

3.What role did religion play during the Middle Ages? Was it a private and personal matter? Or, was it related to social status?



I think that the Society in Madrid in the Middle Ages was organized inthree states: the Nobles the first,they paid some buildings to be built,then the Clero that were part from the church,parish and monasteries,and the lastest ones the peasents,that they were the poor people.Also it was diveded in privilaged and non-privilaged staates.The Nobles and the Clero were from the privilaged state and the Peasants from the non.privilaged state.
The people that pay the to built the buildings I thinkk,that they did it,because they thought thay if they payed the buildings they would be more important in society.
I think that the religion had a very important role in the Middle Ages,it was very important for people,they believed in God,the ask for things to the God,for this there were a lot of Churchs.I think taht in a part the religion was private and personal matter,because you pray to God,and you asked God for things for your family and friends,but for other part,it was related with social status,because the churches,the parish and the monastery were from the Clero the monks and nuns that live in the monastery were from the Clero,so I think this.